William Middleton & William Middleton III 296 pages hardcover
Frank Julian Sprague invented a system for distributing electricity to streetcars from overhead wires. Within a year, electric streetcars had begun to replace horsecars, sparking a revolution in urban transportation. Sprague (1857-1934) was an American naval officer turned inventor who worked briefly for Thomas Edison before striking out on his own. Sprague contributed to the development of the electric motor, electric railways, and electric elevators. His innovations would help transform the urban space of the 20th century, enabling cities to grow larger and skyscrapers taller. The Middletons- definitive biography of this little-known inventor is generously illustrated with archival photographs, hand-drawn diagrams from Sprague's notebooks, company documents, patent application specifications, and blueprints for his various inventions. This is an engrossing study of the life and times of a maverick innovator.